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Does microfinance help the world's poor, or rip off the world's poor?

Quick story (serious for once). Seven years ago, after donating to a microfinance operation I was invited to join their board. I was flattered and decided to look a little deeper before accepting. It turns out that the Gates Foundation had provided a $10 million grant to the operation! Wow...if Bill thinks they're good I'm in!


Except I was a complete prick and asked to see their audited financial statements. That's when after pushing some numbers discovered that only about half the money reached the folks needing the loans. The other half went to the mother ship, a bunch of lying sheetheads who were passing this off a a charitable enterprise.


No, I never went on their board. No idea if most of these are three dollar bills. Looks like Yunus was one of the bad ones.


Muhammad Yunus, the father of microfinance, is facing a prison sentence

The Bangladesh government has brought an onslaught of legal cases against Muhammad Yunus over the last decade


By Ananya Bhattacharya, Quartz Media

Sept 4, 2023


Among foreign economists and civil society activists, the Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus is an icon for extending microloans to those too poor to access conventional banks. But at home, in Bangladesh, he has been increasingly vilified—and now faces time in prison.


Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh’s prime minister, has routinely torn into Yunus, calling him a “bloodsucker” of the poor for coercing loan repayments, and even blaming him for the World Bank’s 2012 decision to withdraw from a crucial bridge project. Most recently, Yunus and his associates at Grameen Telecom—separate from Grameen Bank, his pioneering microfinance institution—have been put on trial in a labor law violations case.


Ten days ago, Bangladesh’s highest court turned down an appeal from Yunus, which will allow the case against him to proceed. His daughter Monica Yunus, who leads a New York nonprofit called Sing for Hope, claimed on LinkedIn on Aug. 28 that Hasinia has threatened to arrest Yunus without bail in the next week or two. If convicted, Yunus would be sentenced to at least six months in prison.


These events unfold mere months before Hasina seeks her fifth term in office. Analysts of Bangladeshi politics have speculated that Yunus’ Nobel win in 2006 as well as his formation of a rival political party in 2007 have rankled Hasina. Now, with elections looming, she’s come out all guns blazing.


Quotable: A Nobel laureate faces prison

“Sheikh Hasina’s jealousy and spitefulness knows no bounds—she has threatened him on a regular basis over the past 15 years. Given the upcoming elections in January, she has intensified her direct public attacks against him by making false accusations that have now resulted in court cases. A week ago, the Supreme Court in Bangladesh rejected an appeal, which means there is a real danger that my father could be arrested imminently.”


—Monica Yunus on LinkedIn


A brief timeline of the persecution of Muhammad Yunus

2008: Hasina comes to power.


2011: Yunus is forcefully removed from Grameen Bank, which he started, over retirement age regulations in 2011. He fought and lost a legal battle challenging it.


2013: Yunus goes on trial, charged with receiving money from overseas without government permission, including his Nobel Prize purse and royalties from a book.


September 2021: A labor law violations case is filed against Grameen Telecom executives, including Yunus.


May 2023: A high court orders Yunus to pay 120 million taka ($1.2 million) in taxes for his charitable donations to three trusts, right after Bangladesh’s anti-graft watchdog sues him for the alleged embezzlement of more than $2 million from the employees’ welfare fund of Grameen Telecom.


August 2023: The trial in the labor law violations case begins on Aug. 22. The accusations against the Grameen Telecom executvies include failing to make permanent the jobs of 101 employees and to establish a workers’ welfare fund. Eighteen former Grameen Telecom employees also sue Yunus for “misappropriating” dividends.


By the digits: The international chorus backing Yunus

176: The number of signatories on an open letter to Hasina, including more than 100 Nobel laureates, world leaders like ex-US president Barack Obama and the former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, calling for a stop to the “continuous judicial harassment” of Yunus. The letter ran as a full-page ad in the international edition of the New York Times yesterday (Aug. 31).


“A million dollars”: How much a Bangladesh minister estimated as the cost of a “two-page” advertisement with several global signatories, published in the Washington Post on March 7 in favor of Yunus.


$83,430: How much one A-7 page ad in the Washington Post would actually have cost, based on the per-column-inch rate of $927 applied to a full-page ad, as per the Washington Post. Additionally, the Protect Yunus Campaign “negotiated a significant discount below this published amount,” it disclosed.


One more thing: The US is keeping an eye on the Bangladesh elections

Antony Blinken, the US secretary of state, announced a new visa policy in May “to support Bangladesh’s goal of holding free, fair, and peaceful national elections.” Under the policy, the US can restrict the issuance of visas for any Bangladeshi who undermines the democratic election process in the country, including members of pro-government political parties, law enforcement, judiciary, and security services.

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