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Visualizing the Tax Burden of Every U.S. State

The three states losing population most rapidly are among those with the highest tax rates (Il, NY, Calif) and antibusiness pro-union policies.


The state gaining population is Florida which along with Tenn and Wyoming have the lowest taxes.


Hey, wait a minute! What about Alaska and Hawaii? I'm flummoxed.


Visualizing the Tax Burden of Every U.S. State

May 8, 2024

By Marcus Lu, Visual Capitalist




It’s important to understand that under this methodology, the tax burden measures the percent of an average person’s income that is paid towards state and local taxes. It considers property taxes, income taxes, and sales & excise tax.


Data and Methodology

The figures we used to create this graphic are listed in the table below.



From this data we can see that New York has the highest total tax burden. Residents in this state will pay, on average, 12% of their income to state and local governments.


Breaking this down into its three components, the average New Yorker pays 4.6% of their income on income taxes, 4.4% on property taxes, and 3% in sales & excise taxes.


At the other end of the spectrum, Alaska has the lowest tax burden of any state, equaling 4.9% of income. This is partly due to the fact that Alaskans do not pay state income tax.


Hate Paying Taxes?

In addition to Alaska, there are several other U.S. states that don’t charge income taxes. These are: Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming.


It’s also worth noting that New Hampshire does not have a regular income tax, but does charge a flat 4% on interest and dividend income according to the Tax Foundation.

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