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Why is Xi Jinping bringing Zelensky and Putin to the bargaining table and not Biden?

Updated: Mar 13

Because our senior statesman is more interested in expressing the fact that "we refuse to negotiate" than bringing this conflict to a peaceful conclusion. Is Xi running circles around him? Biden wouldn't know; he hasn't had his afternoon nap.

China’s Xi to Speak to Zelensky, Meet Next Week With Putin

Virtual meeting between Chinese and Ukrainian leaders would be first since start of war

By Keith ZhaiFollow

Updated March 13, 2023 12:04 pm ET

SINGAPORE—Chinese leader Xi Jinping plans to speak with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky for the first time since the start of the Ukraine war, likely after he visits Moscow next week to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin, according to people familiar with the matter.

The meetings with Messrs. Putin and Zelensky, the latter of which is expected to take place virtually, reflect Beijing’s effort to play a more active role in mediating an end to the war in Ukraine, some of the people said.

Mr. Xi is considering visiting other European countries as part of his trip to Russia, though his full itinerary has yet to be confirmed, according to the people.

A direct conversation with Mr. Zelensky, if it happens, would mark a significant step in Beijing’s efforts to play peacemaker in Ukraine, which have so far been met with skepticism in Europe. It would also bolster Beijing’s credentials as a global power broker after it facilitated a surprise diplomatic breakthrough between Saudi Arabia and Iran last week.

The new surge of diplomacy reflects a conviction on the part of Mr. Xi and the Communist Party that China can offer an alternative to the U.S.-led model of international relations by relying on commercial ties rather than military might to sway the decisions of other countries.

An expansion of Beijing’s diplomatic clout also offers potential leverage against what Mr. Xi criticized last week as a Cold War-style, U.S.-led campaign of “all-round containment, encirclement and suppression” against China.

Reuters earlier reported that Mr. Xi’s Moscow visit could happen as early as next week. The Wall Street Journal reported in February that Mr. Xi was preparing to visit Moscow in the coming months.

The overseas trip would mark Mr. Xi’s first after he secured an unprecedented third term as China’s head of state. It comes as the 69-year-old leader seeks to burnish his status as a global statesman and navigate escalating competition with the U.S. and its allies.

Watch: China’s Xi Jinping Secures Unprecedented Third Term as President


Watch: China’s Xi Jinping Secures Unprecedented Third Term as President

Watch: China’s Xi Jinping Secures Unprecedented Third Term as President

Play video: Watch: China’s Xi Jinping Secures Unprecedented Third Term as President

Chinese President Xi Jinping secured an unprecedented third term as the country’s head of state after more than 2,900 lawmakers voted unanimously to approve his reappointment. Photo: Xie Huanchi/Zuma Press

China’s Foreign Ministry didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. A Ukrainian presidential administration official said the call hadn’t yet been confirmed, and its timing was still unclear.

Mr. Xi’s travel schedule is intended in part to capitalize on momentum from the Saudi-Iran deal, signed in Beijing, which marked the end of seven years of estrangement, according to some of the people. That agreement heralded a notable rise in China’s influence in the Middle East, which had been previously dominated by the U.S. as the primary power broker.

The bridge-building effort marked the first time that Beijing has intervened so directly in the Mideast’s political rivalries, and was its first time successfully brokering such a deal.

China’s last ambitious effort to play the role of global peacemaker came in the early 2000s, when it launched six-party talks aimed at curtailing North Korea’s nuclear weapons program in exchange for aid. The talks, which included the U.S., failed in 2008 when North Korea withdrew despite relying heavily on economic support from Beijing.

Achieving a breakthrough in Ukraine would be a taller task than the Saudi-Iran deal, especially as both sides in the war believe too much remains to be played out on the battlefield. Neither has shown an inclination to stop fighting.

Beijing nevertheless has an active interest in bringing an end to the conflict. The war has put Beijing in a precarious situation, forcing Mr. Xi to balance China’s “no limits” partnership with Russia and his own close relationship with Mr. Putin against increasing distrust and tension with the U.S. and its allies.

Last month, China cast itself as a neutral mediator in calling for a cease-fire and peace talks to end the war in Ukraine. In a 12-point document, China’s Foreign Ministry called for the pursuit of a political solution to the conflict and an end to unilateral sanctions. It also appeared to warn Moscow against escalating the conflict with nuclear weapons.

Russia’s government said it shared Beijing’s views of the conflict and welcomed China’s peace proposal.

The first item in China’s peace plan, which calls for “respecting the sovereignty of all countries,” is a bedrock of Beijing’s foreign policy. It is also one that has been tested over the past year by Russia’s invasion.

China officially regards Ukraine as a sovereign nation, and Messrs. Xi and Zelensky had a phone call to mark 30 years of relations between the two nations just weeks before Russian troops attacked. Yet Beijing has refrained from condemning Russian military action in Ukraine, which it has resisted defining as an invasion.

The Ukrainian administration official said Kyiv was cautiously receptive to China’s possible involvement and to certain parts of Beijing’s 12-point document, including clauses on territorial integrity of countries and nuclear safety guarantees, but noted the plan doesn’t have a clause on the withdrawal of Russian troops from all territory occupied by Russia—a key Ukrainian criterion for any peace deal.

“It’s a plan that opens space for discussion, but in terms of any peace plan we’d insist on President Zelensky’s Peace Formula proposal,” the official said. He added that Kyiv had asked on multiple occasions for a call between Mr. Zelensky and Mr. Xi, but so far its requests had been left without response.

Though Mr. Xi hasn’t spoken with Mr. Zelensky since the hostilities broke out, the Chinese leader has engaged with Mr. Putin several times through video calls and face-to-face meetings since the war unfolded. That included a meeting in Uzbekistan in September in Mr. Xi’s first international trip since the pandemic.

China was Ukraine’s largest trading partner before the war, importing almost 30% of its corn from the Eastern European country. China has also invested in infrastructure projects in Ukraine, though at least one of them—a rail line connecting Kyiv’s main airport to the city center—was scrapped following corruption allegations.

Trade between China and Ukraine fell 60% in 2022 from a year earlier to $7.6 billion. Meanwhile, trade between Moscow and Beijing rose by roughly 29% from a year earlier to $190 billion, according to official Chinese data. As Russia’s sales of oil and gas to Europe have declined, China has emerged as a significant buyer. Russia has also begun to increase its use of China’s currency, the yuan.

Matthew Luxmoore contributed to this article.

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